Student-Created Digital Public Education Tools – Part 2

In the Spring of 2017 I asked students in my Urban Studies 101 course to culminate their class-experience by creating digital public education tools that would 1) allow them to go deeper into a topic of interest to them and 2) organize what they learnt through their deeper dive in a way that it could be communicated with a larger public audience. These are their projects.

[More on assignment description here.]

Table of Contents

People of NYC

Street Optics, by Jake Shellow
This ongoing project captures the lives of those who go unnoticed on a daily basis.  It is often that these people are not given the time of day, and their voiced are rarely heard.  Through this project I hope to lend a hand in helping those speak out about the urban issues in our society.  I have shot and developed all of the photographs myself.  The writings are composed of notes from my many notebooks.  I gained permission to photograph every person seen throughout this project.   There is still a lot of work to be done with this project but this is what I have to present to the class.  Enjoy.

Disenfranchisement of Minorities and Women, by Keith Rogers
For my project, I conducted an interview with my parents to ask them about their experiences or remembrances of past policies put in place that kept African Americans and other minorities, as well as women disenfranchised.  They talk about public and corporate policies that impacted them years ago and how the impact still has an effect on them today.

Neighborhood and Community Studies

Brooklinfication: A Details Study of Gentrification in Brooklyn, by Shevin Narine, Paraskevas Xenophontos, Matt Gomes, Raiaan Valle and Aalya Ismail
We have examined the effects of gentrification on particular areas of Brooklyn, namely: Williamsburg, Bedford-Stuyvesant, South Slope and Bushwick and presented our findings using WordPress.

A Whiter City, by Christopher Caba
“NYC will become a whiter city if gentrification keeps happening.” I displayed my findings using Story Maps.

Inequality in Housing due to Racial and Ethnic Backgrounds, by Mishel Sanchez
The purpose of this project is to learn and have a general sense of why there is so many disparities in housing today because of racial and ethnic backgrounds. As you progress through the site, you will learn historical practices and policies that have made it almost impossible for minorities to have equal opportunities in housing, that have led to the gap today.

The New Jamaica: Gentrification at its Best, by Nicole Valle
I recognized that gentrification was happening all throughout Jamaica, Queens and followed it development by researching news articles and observing the area myself. I displayed my findings using Story Maps.

Barclays Center Community Issues, by Vahe Atakhanian
In this project I’m going to show how eminent domain was abused with the Barclays Center. Also I’ll discuss a host of other issues that the community has with the arena using story map.

History of Sunnyside, by Ariful Malik
In my project I wrote a timeline about the history of Sunnyside. From its beginnings as a farm to the present day, where it is currently dealing with gentrification issues.

Public Space

‘You can’t be here, this is our property’: The Militarization and Privatization of Space, by Ashley Bruno I conducted an interview with a resident of a gated community in eastern Queens, New York and a resident of Hillside Avenue to compare and contrast methods of militarization and privatization of space. The interview sheds light on these practices and provides possible solutions in hopes of informing listeners and encouraging changes to help communities grow. The interview is inspired by podcasts and is posted on Soundcloud.

Educational Equity

The Cyclical Nature of Education and Poverty, by Henry Yam, Kylle Cassela Mendoza, & Jerry Yan Chen
A link to ourStoryMap. Please view first. Then see our summary on our findings. Finally our proposed solutions to end the cycle.

Starting with Students: Working Towards Educational Equity in New York City, by Sara Pepkin
This project used Story Maps to show the history of educational inequity and the problems associated with it.  Educational equity can be achieved through policy changes, increased knowledge of students, parents, and teachers on educational rights, and equitable funding.  There are also organizations such as the Campaign for Educational Equity that provide information for those seeking to make a change in their schools.

Criminal Justice

A Never Ending Problem, by Daniel Matos
This timeline is meant to show the never ending problem and conflicts that people of color have to face with the criminal justice system and how its still occurring today.


Immigration History, by Rafael C.
The project focuses on some major dates that have a large impact on immigration policies. I used Timeline JS for this project

Immigration: A Battle Led by President Trump, by Lauren Hondolero, Michelle Recalde, & Victoria Tyszka
Our group researched and studied Trump’s perspectives and establishing of immigration issues and policies and arranged our project into a Prezi presentation.

Other Unique Perspectives

Dog Whistles in Mainstream Media, by Shannan O’Neil
Take a look at my final project, a blog I started about how media portrays poverty and how it can shape how people see it!

The Demand for Land in ENY/CH – A Blog Post


Image Source: MMZach

Image Source: MMZach

I had been following the Mayor’s housing plan for a while before I began working in ENY/CH. The following is a reflection I wrote a few months into my time working in the neighborhood.

Whether you live in New York City or not, you are probably aware  that the real estate market is hot. In recent decades, housing prices have been rising citywide, with some neighborhoods seeing dramatic spikes in housing costs. These spikes are often related to a neighborhood’s geographic location (near water, near midtown, near a shopping district) or amenities (transportation hub, dog run, multiple parks, shorter buildings and more neighborhood appeal) which increase the ‘demand’ for the neighborhood, and drive up the real estate value.

By ‘demand’ I mean two things. First, demand refers to the housing demand of the residents – both new and long-time – who are seeking an affordable home in the city. Second, demand refers to the profit desires of land speculators. Land speculators track housing price fluctuations across the city and buy property(ies) in cheaper markets with the intention of selling the property and cashing in  as the cresting wave of spiking real estate properties moves through the neighborhood. This process, known as house flipping, becomes endemic in neighborhoods just on the horizon of spiking real estate values, and these transactions create a meta-demand as land speculators come to compete with one another for properties in the neighborhood.

Both demands work together to drive up real estate prices in the neighborhood. Though increasing costs may be beneficial to stable homeowners, they can be particularly threatening and dangerous for lower income households, many of whom are renters, that may be residing in these neighborhoods. It is no secret that housing affordability is an important factor in perpetuating or preventing homelessness, and that both have serious consequences for mental and physical health and well-being and overall quality of life.

When we think about these shifts in the real estate market, some specific neighborhoods may come to mind: the Lower East Side, Harlem, Crown Heights, or Brooklyn more generally, to name a few. Increasingly the neighborhood of East New York is thrown in this mix.

Similar to the other neighborhoods on the list, both the location and the amenities of East New York have played a role in its increasing demand.  East New York is just east of the wave of gentrification moving through Bushwick and Bed-Stuy at the moment, making it seem like the logical next target. Moreover, East New York is home to a number of current and envisioned amenities. An important amenity is access to local and regional transportation: with a number of bus and subway lines running through the neighborhood and an LIRR stop, East New York acts as a hub that provides easy access to neighborhoods throughout Queens and Brooklyn, a straight shot to Manhattan and  easy access to regional travel.

In addition, East New York is the first of fifteen neighborhoods identified for rezoning by the De Blasio administration. The rezoning is part of the new housing plan for the city, which combines neighborhood rezoning with a plan for mandatory inclusionary housing (MIH). Basically, certain neighborhoods will be rezoned to allow for taller buildings and more residential and commercial development. The intention is to drive investment into the neighborhood. Investment make the form of developers buying, building, and improving properties/buildings in the neighborhoods and residents and businesses moving in – in sum, demand for the neighborhood will increase. Critics fear this will drive up the value of real estate in the neighborhoods, threatening the ability of lower income households to remain in their homes and neighborhoods. The MIH is the mechanism charged with controlling for this effect. MIH requires all citywide new residential development properties to market 20-30 percent of new households as ‘affordable’.

Critics have identified a number of issues related to this housing plan, all of which together assert one important flaw with the plan – that it ultimately encourages and quickens the gentrification of formerly disinvested neighborhoods that in recent history have been occupied by lower-income and working class communities of color. This understanding is tied to three important shortcomings of the plan:

First, by creating a list of neighborhoods for rezoning, the city also identified fifteen neighborhoods primed for speculative practices. And in fact, recent research suggests that speculation has increased since De Blasio’s announcement of these fifteen neighborhoods. Increased speculation increases the demand for the neighborhood, agitating housing prices further.

Second, though many argue that MIH is a huge improvement in comparison with recent citywide housing plans, critics argue that generally speaking the scale of affordability devised by the administration isn’t deep enough, and doesn’t consider what is affordable from the perspective of long-time residents of these neighborhoods scheduled for rezoning. For example, the scale of affordability is based on the AMI of the entire city, which is considerably higher than the AMI in these neighborhoods. This is compounded by the fact that the majority of affordable units will be created for those who fall near the middle of this scale – around $50,000 – though the need for affordable housing is much higher among households making much less.

This leads many critics to believe that in addition to the anticipated improvements for these communities – more investment, lower crime rates, cleaner streets and parks, more housing, etc – the rezoning will also contribute to the mass displacement of the current community, and really a replacement by wealthier – and probably whiter – community.

This is where our project comes in. We aim to speak with long-time residents in the community to understand their perceptions of and relationship with the neighborhood and how the rezoning or speculation in the neighborhood is affecting their everyday lives. Moreover, we aim to use these narratives to contribute to the debate about housing policy in the city – and more specifically, to advocate for community-centered policy development approach.


Housing New York: A five-borough, 10-year plan. The City of New York, the Administration of Bill de Blasio.
This is an overview of de Blasio’s ten year housing plan

Zoning for Quality and Affordability. Housing New York, NYC Planning:
This is an informational webpage on the NYC Planning website that lays out de Blasio’s plan and intention for rezoning

East New York Neighborhood Plan, NYC Planning:
This the rezoning plan for ENY. 

Coalition for Community Advancement. East New York Re-zoning Community Plan. July, 2015.
This is a plan proposed by the Coalition for Community Advancement, which is a collective of community members and leaders from East New York and Cypress Hills that have come together in response to the rezoning that intends to assess and monitor the consequences of the rezoning for the residents of ENY as well as advocate for the community in relation to how the rezoning unfolds in neighborhood.

The Impact of Property Flipping on Homeowners and Renters in Small Buildings. A report by the Center for NYC Neighborhoods. April 18, 2016.
This report examines the spatial distribution of housing flipping  in NYC.

What happens to homeless families in Redeveloped East New York? A report by the Institute for Children, Poverty and Homelessness. June 2016
An analysis of how the rezoning and ramped up speculation may be affecting the most vulnerable of ENY

For more on how other communities are addressing the rezoning of their neighbohroods: Check out some of the work being done by grantees of the Neighborhoods First Fund.