“But you do have a choice to become consciously historical – that is, a person who tries for memory and connectedness against amnesia and nostalgia, who tries to describe her or his journeys as accurately as possible or to become a technician of amnesia or nostalgia, one who dulls the imagination by starving it or feeding it junk food. Historical amnesia is starving of the imagination; nostalgia is the imagination’s sugar rush, leaving depression and emptiness in its wake. Breaking silences, telling our tales, is not enough. We can value that process — and the courage it may require – without believing that it is and end in itself. Historical responsibility has, after all, to go with action – where we place the weight of our existences on the line, cast out lot with others, move from an individual consciousness to a collective one. But we all need to begin with the individual consciousness: How did we come to be where we are and not elsewhere?”

– Adrienne Rich; Blood, Bread, and Poetry, (1983)


“…Education, in order to accomplish its ends both for the individual learner and for society, must be based upon experience – which is always the life experience of some individual…There is no discipline in the world so severe as the discipline of experience subjected to the tests of intelligent development and direction…”

– John Dewey, Education and Experience  (1938) pp. 89-90


“The faculty of voluntarily bringing back a wandering attention, over and over again, is the very root of judgement, character, and will… An education which should improve this faculty would be the education par excellence.”

– William James, The Principles of Psychology, (1890), p. 463