Sources for the photographers I shared in class:
On Wednesday, the 28th, we’ll talk about the first half of Black Elk Speaks, and we’ll look at your images and talk about them. You will leave your composition book (your journal) with me when you leave class.
Pages 1-80 of Black Elk Speaks
Image assignment: For the class on 1/21, I brought in a collection of photography books in which the artist is making an argument for a way of seeing “America.” The photographer may position the photo as an instance of American beauty, or an instance of American ugliness, or as a specifically American aesthetic. In either of these instances, the argument the photographer is making defines what is American in some way. This is part of how a nation is imagined and defined, through aesthetics. “Aesthetics” is a term that is used differently in different contexts. It comes from the word for sensation, and it has to do with the way people take in information through the senses. We talked about the senses in reference to Whitman and Emerson. Whitman is deeply sensual in his description of his experience of America, a nation that he describes, in his preference, as a poem. Emerson describes the way his senses, namely his eyes, take on a horizon of many particular parts to encounter a whole that is bigger than the sum of those parts. Similarly, American photographers have argued for a way of seeing their landscape, street scene, or portrait as a portrait, also, of an aspect of the “American” sensual (visual, tactile, etc.) experience.
Your job: find an image from a book of photography or an advertisement. The image needs to be by someone who has authored an argument with that image. It is easy to see what an advertisement is arguing if it claims to sell something, but how is the way it sells also selling an image of its audience as Americans?
Find an image as described above, bring a copy of it to class—you may print it out from online or scan it and print it—and write a page or so in your journal describing what you see as the photographer’s argument. What details are included or left out? What is in the background? You might use words like symmetry or asymmetry, balance, contrast, and/or texture. Do your best to write what about what you see, and don’t worry if it’s a challenge—that’s part of the point!
Note: In a later class, you will have opportunities to make your own images. Please do not bring in pictures you have taken to this class.
Instead of meeting in class, I want you to “watch” the following YouTube video. It is the recording of a reading of Emerson’s Nature. The link to “Nature” is also below. I suggest reading along, using a pen to note (you may need to pause) the following in your journal:
–things that surprise or intrigue you (you’ll be expected to name at least one such instance, in class, next week)
–something you don’t understand (you’ll be expected to go back and look this up, using your collegiate research skills)
Once you’ve gone through “Nature,” go back to your book and flesh out some thoughts about what intrigued or surprised you. Look up anything you noted down as a confusing detail, and write about it enough to be able to discuss it next week, after you’ve forgotten half of the details (your notes will thus be very useful).
Emerson, “Nature” https://emersoncentral.com/texts/essays-second-series/nature/
Read out loud, “Nature” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LN5mWsDQI2I
Due Wednesday, 2/21:
Read Emerson’s “Experience,” and write one to two pages in your journal reflecting on what you believe is the most relevant part of the essay for your world (or your life) today. Write it legibly: I really will be reading this.
There are two other things due, including your journal entry on the breath, in which you practice one of the postures with deep diaphragmatic breathing described in the handout I gave you, for five minutes, then read a section from Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass” OUT LOUD, TWICE, then write a journal entry reflecting on the poetry passage and sharing any thoughts about the breathing exercise. Lastly, you must bring your copy of Black Elk Speaks. This is required reading. We will begin working with it when we meet; you’re not expected to read any of it in advance. Your reading of Emerson will have prepared you for this kind of reading, which I believe you’ll find much easier.
A note about the essay revision: the essay was so incredibly bad that I would like to talk about it and to some work together first, then send you home for a revision. Therefore, it isn’t something you need to work on this week. Spend the extra time reading Emerson.
Some study texts to help with reading: